Technical efficiency of public middle schools in New York City

William C. Horrace, Michah W. Rothbart, Yi Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Using panel data and a “true” fixed effect stochastic frontier model, we estimate persistent and transient technical inefficiency in mathematics (Math) and English Language Arts (ELA) test score gains in New York City public middle schools from 2014 to 2016. We compare several measures of transient technical inefficiency and show that around 58% of New York City middle schools are efficient in Math gains, while 16% are efficient in ELA gains. Multivariate inference techniques are used to determine subsets of efficient schools, providing actionable decision rules to help policymakers target resources and incentives.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number102216
JournalEconomics of Education Review
StatePublished - Feb 2022


  • Education
  • Mode
  • Ranking and selection
  • Stochastic frontier

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Economics and Econometrics


Dive into the research topics of 'Technical efficiency of public middle schools in New York City'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this