Systematic review of psychosocial interventions for adult cancer patients and their family caregivers in Sub-Saharan Africa

Ting Guan, Yousef Qan’ir, Jamie L. Conklin, Chifundo Colleta Zimba, Agatha Bula, Wongani Jumbo, Kondwani Wella, Patrick Mapulanga, Samuel A.M. Bingo, Evelyn Chilemba, Jennifer Haley, Nilda Peragallo Montano, Ashley Leak Bryant, Lixin Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cancer is becoming a public health issue in the Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA).

This systematic review aims to synthesise psychosocial interventions and

their effects on the health outcomes of adult cancer patients and their

family caregivers in SSA. We identified eligible publications in English

language from PubMed, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health

Literature Plus with Full Text, Embase, APA PsycInfo, Scopus, and

African Index Medicus databases. We included psychosocial

interventions targeted adult cancer patients/survivors or their family

caregivers in SSA. This review identified five psychosocial interventions

from six studies that support adult cancer patients and their family

caregivers in SSA. The interventions focused on providing informational,

psycho-cognitive, and social support. Three interventions significantly

improved quality of life outcomes for cancer patients and their

caregivers. Significant gaps exist between the rapidly increasing cancer

burdens and the limited psychosocial educational interventions

supporting adult cancer patients and their families in SSA. The reviewed

studies provide preliminary evidence on development and testing

interventions that aim to improve patients’ and caregivers’ quality of life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2199062
JournalGlobal Public Health
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2 2023

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Africa South of the Sahara
  • Caregivers/psychology
  • Humans
  • Neoplasms/therapy
  • Psychosocial Intervention
  • Quality of Life/psychology

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