Synthesis of a high-density phosphoric acid functional mesoporous adsorbent: Application to chromium(III) removal

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Abstract

(Chemical Equation Presented) A high-capacity phosphonic acid functional adsorbent is prepared by co-condensing oligomers of tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) and trimethoxysilylpropyl diethylphosphonate (DEPPS). Hydrolysis/condensation reactions for both silanes are monitored in the sol-state using 29Si NMR spectroscopy, and the dependency of the resulting physicochemical properties on these reaction times is investigated. The molar ratio of TEOS to DEPPS is varied to determine the ratio at which high DEPPS incorporation could be attained without evidence of structural perturbation. The phosphonic acid adsorbent is characterized by solid-state 29Si and 31P NMR spectroscopy, nitrogen sorption, and elemental analysis. The adsorbent exhibits a ligand density of 10.0 mmol P/g, and maximum values of SBET of 437 m2/g, Dp of 59 Å, and Vp of 0.65 cm 3/g. Further characterization shows an equilibrium chromium(III) adsorption capacity of 82 mg/g at pH 3.6 and rapid adsorption kinetics. Column adsorption at a high space velocity of 156 h-1 is achieved with a minimum effluent chromium concentration of 0.01 mg/L. The chromium-loaded adsorbent is stripped using 12 M HCl. A viable synthesis method for the preparation of a high-density functional mesoporous adsorbent is demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1597-1604
Number of pages8
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume17
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 22 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

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