Synthesis and structure study of copolymers from thiadiazole fused indolocarbazole and dithienosilole

Qiliang Chen, Lianjie Zhang, Shaker Ebrahim, Moataz Soliman, Cheng Zhang, Qiquan Qiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


We report synthesis and characterization of two D-A polymers (PSDT-C12 and PSDT-EH) with different side chains. Both polymers are based on alternate 12,13-dioctyl-indolo[2,3-a][1,2,5]thiadiazolo[3,4-c]carbazole (TDZIC) and dithienosilole derivative units in polymer main chain. We used TDZIC to enlarge the 2D conjugated plane of acceptor monomers by fusing benzothiadiazole (BT) unit with an indole unit having alkyl groups. PSDT-C12 exhibited 10 nm redshift compared to PSDT-EH in solid films, while their absorption spectra were almost identical in solutions. Since the backbone and side chains on the indolocarbazole group are the same, the redshift on PSDT-C12 could be resulted from the dodecyl (C12) side chain on the dithienosilole unit and different molecular weight between these two polymers. PSDT-C12 has a larger molecular weight than PSDT-EH. Therefore possibly both side chains and molecular weight contributed to the difference in the absorption spectra in solid films. The straight C-12 side chain has less steric hindrance than the branched EH side chain in solid films. PSDT-C12 has a longer main chain (larger molecule weight) than PSDT-EH, which can favour a more extended main chain interaction. The vibronic peak at 519 nm and shoulder at 563 nm in the PSDT-C12 film further confirmed stronger main chain interaction. Geometry optimization showed that head-tail (HT)-PSDT had a more twisting conjugated backbone with larger dihedral angle between dithienosilole unit and thiadiazole-fused ring compared to head-head/tail-tail (HH/TT)-PSDT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)223-229
Number of pages7
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 8 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Conjugated polymers
  • Copolymer
  • Thiadiazole fused

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry


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