Synthesis and structure of a lead(II)-citrate: {Na(H2O) 3}[Pb5(C6H5O7) 3(C6H6O7)(H2O) 3]·9.5H2O

Christopher Chu, Kari Darling, Ross Netusil, Robert P. Doyle, Jon Zubieta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


The reaction of lead(II) nitrate with trisodium citrate Na 3(C6H5O7) in a 1:22.5 ratio at pH 4.8 provides crystals of {Na(H2O)3}[Pb5(H 2O)3(C6H5O7) 3(C6H6O7)]·9.5H2O (1). The structure of 1 is two-dimensional and exhibits five distinct Pb(II) sites and four different modes of citrate bonding. The five lead sites all display hemidirected coordination geometries, that is, irregular distribution of neighboring oxygen atoms resulting in obvious gaps in the coordination spheres. Consequently, the lead coordination geometries exhibit proximal bonding to a number of oxygen donors, as well as distal interactions with nearest neighbors. The coordination numbers vary from 8 to 10, with '5+3', '5+4', '6+4' and '7+3' coordination modes where the first number refers to the proximal ligands and the second to the distal set. The four crystallographically distinct citrate groups include three with deprotonated carboxylate groups (C6H 5O7)3- and one with a single protonated carboxyl group (C6H6O7)2. The citrate ligands bridge 3, 5, 7 and 7 lead sites. Three of the citrate groups exhibit tridentate chelation coordination to a lead site through two carboxylate oxygen donors and the hydroxyl groups. One citrate group projects an uncoordinated -OH group and a pendant protonated carboxyl group into the interlamellar domain. This latter carboxyl group coordinates to a sodium cation, which exhibits five coordinate geometry defined by three aqua ligands and the carbonyl oxygen of the -CO2H groups in the basal plane and a citrate -OH donor in the apical position.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)186-193
Number of pages8
JournalInorganica Chimica Acta
Issue number1
StatePublished - Nov 30 2011


  • 2-D structure
  • Citrate complexes
  • Hydrothermal synthesis
  • Pb(II) citrate structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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