Synthesis and structure of a lead(II)-citrate: {Na(H 2O) 3}[Pb 5(C 6H 5O 7) 3(C 6H 6O 7)(H 2O) 3]·9.5H 2O

Christopher Chu, Kari Darling, Ross Netusil, Robert Patrick Doyle, Jon A Zubieta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The reaction of lead(II) nitrate with trisodium citrate Na 3(C 6H 5O 7) in a 1:22.5 ratio at pH 4.8 provides crystals of {Na(H 2O) 3}[Pb 5(H 2O) 3(C 6H 5O 7) 3(C 6H 6O 7)]·9.5H 2O (1). The structure of 1 is two-dimensional and exhibits five distinct Pb(II) sites and four different modes of citrate bonding. The five lead sites all display hemidirected coordination geometries, that is, irregular distribution of neighboring oxygen atoms resulting in obvious gaps in the coordination spheres. Consequently, the lead coordination geometries exhibit proximal bonding to a number of oxygen donors, as well as distal interactions with nearest neighbors. The coordination numbers vary from 8 to 10, with '5+3', '5+4', '6+4' and '7+3' coordination modes where the first number refers to the proximal ligands and the second to the distal set. The four crystallographically distinct citrate groups include three with deprotonated carboxylate groups (C 6H 5O 7) 3- and one with a single protonated carboxyl group (C 6H 6O 7) 2. The citrate ligands bridge 3, 5, 7 and 7 lead sites. Three of the citrate groups exhibit tridentate chelation coordination to a lead site through two carboxylate oxygen donors and the hydroxyl groups. One citrate group projects an uncoordinated -OH group and a pendant protonated carboxyl group into the interlamellar domain. This latter carboxyl group coordinates to a sodium cation, which exhibits five coordinate geometry defined by three aqua ligands and the carbonyl oxygen of the -CO 2H groups in the basal plane and a citrate -OH donor in the apical position.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)186-193
Number of pages8
JournalInorganica Chimica Acta
Volume378
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 30 2011

Fingerprint

citrates
Citric Acid
Lead
Oxygen
Ligands
synthesis
carboxyl group
Geometry
carboxylates
ligands
Chelation
oxygen
geometry
Nitrates
Positive ions
Sodium
Carbon Monoxide
chelation
Hydroxyl Radical
Atoms

Keywords

  • 2-D structure
  • Citrate complexes
  • Hydrothermal synthesis
  • Pb(II) citrate structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Synthesis and structure of a lead(II)-citrate : {Na(H 2O) 3}[Pb 5(C 6H 5O 7) 3(C 6H 6O 7)(H 2O) 3]·9.5H 2O. / Chu, Christopher; Darling, Kari; Netusil, Ross; Doyle, Robert Patrick; Zubieta, Jon A.

In: Inorganica Chimica Acta, Vol. 378, No. 1, 30.11.2011, p. 186-193.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The reaction of lead(II) nitrate with trisodium citrate Na 3(C 6H 5O 7) in a 1:22.5 ratio at pH 4.8 provides crystals of {Na(H 2O) 3}[Pb 5(H 2O) 3(C 6H 5O 7) 3(C 6H 6O 7)]·9.5H 2O (1). The structure of 1 is two-dimensional and exhibits five distinct Pb(II) sites and four different modes of citrate bonding. The five lead sites all display hemidirected coordination geometries, that is, irregular distribution of neighboring oxygen atoms resulting in obvious gaps in the coordination spheres. Consequently, the lead coordination geometries exhibit proximal bonding to a number of oxygen donors, as well as distal interactions with nearest neighbors. The coordination numbers vary from 8 to 10, with '5+3', '5+4', '6+4' and '7+3' coordination modes where the first number refers to the proximal ligands and the second to the distal set. The four crystallographically distinct citrate groups include three with deprotonated carboxylate groups (C 6H 5O 7) 3- and one with a single protonated carboxyl group (C 6H 6O 7) 2. The citrate ligands bridge 3, 5, 7 and 7 lead sites. Three of the citrate groups exhibit tridentate chelation coordination to a lead site through two carboxylate oxygen donors and the hydroxyl groups. One citrate group projects an uncoordinated -OH group and a pendant protonated carboxyl group into the interlamellar domain. This latter carboxyl group coordinates to a sodium cation, which exhibits five coordinate geometry defined by three aqua ligands and the carbonyl oxygen of the -CO 2H groups in the basal plane and a citrate -OH donor in the apical position.",
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T2 - {Na(H 2O) 3}[Pb 5(C 6H 5O 7) 3(C 6H 6O 7)(H 2O) 3]·9.5H 2O

AU - Chu, Christopher

AU - Darling, Kari

AU - Netusil, Ross

AU - Doyle, Robert Patrick

AU - Zubieta, Jon A

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N2 - The reaction of lead(II) nitrate with trisodium citrate Na 3(C 6H 5O 7) in a 1:22.5 ratio at pH 4.8 provides crystals of {Na(H 2O) 3}[Pb 5(H 2O) 3(C 6H 5O 7) 3(C 6H 6O 7)]·9.5H 2O (1). The structure of 1 is two-dimensional and exhibits five distinct Pb(II) sites and four different modes of citrate bonding. The five lead sites all display hemidirected coordination geometries, that is, irregular distribution of neighboring oxygen atoms resulting in obvious gaps in the coordination spheres. Consequently, the lead coordination geometries exhibit proximal bonding to a number of oxygen donors, as well as distal interactions with nearest neighbors. The coordination numbers vary from 8 to 10, with '5+3', '5+4', '6+4' and '7+3' coordination modes where the first number refers to the proximal ligands and the second to the distal set. The four crystallographically distinct citrate groups include three with deprotonated carboxylate groups (C 6H 5O 7) 3- and one with a single protonated carboxyl group (C 6H 6O 7) 2. The citrate ligands bridge 3, 5, 7 and 7 lead sites. Three of the citrate groups exhibit tridentate chelation coordination to a lead site through two carboxylate oxygen donors and the hydroxyl groups. One citrate group projects an uncoordinated -OH group and a pendant protonated carboxyl group into the interlamellar domain. This latter carboxyl group coordinates to a sodium cation, which exhibits five coordinate geometry defined by three aqua ligands and the carbonyl oxygen of the -CO 2H groups in the basal plane and a citrate -OH donor in the apical position.

AB - The reaction of lead(II) nitrate with trisodium citrate Na 3(C 6H 5O 7) in a 1:22.5 ratio at pH 4.8 provides crystals of {Na(H 2O) 3}[Pb 5(H 2O) 3(C 6H 5O 7) 3(C 6H 6O 7)]·9.5H 2O (1). The structure of 1 is two-dimensional and exhibits five distinct Pb(II) sites and four different modes of citrate bonding. The five lead sites all display hemidirected coordination geometries, that is, irregular distribution of neighboring oxygen atoms resulting in obvious gaps in the coordination spheres. Consequently, the lead coordination geometries exhibit proximal bonding to a number of oxygen donors, as well as distal interactions with nearest neighbors. The coordination numbers vary from 8 to 10, with '5+3', '5+4', '6+4' and '7+3' coordination modes where the first number refers to the proximal ligands and the second to the distal set. The four crystallographically distinct citrate groups include three with deprotonated carboxylate groups (C 6H 5O 7) 3- and one with a single protonated carboxyl group (C 6H 6O 7) 2. The citrate ligands bridge 3, 5, 7 and 7 lead sites. Three of the citrate groups exhibit tridentate chelation coordination to a lead site through two carboxylate oxygen donors and the hydroxyl groups. One citrate group projects an uncoordinated -OH group and a pendant protonated carboxyl group into the interlamellar domain. This latter carboxyl group coordinates to a sodium cation, which exhibits five coordinate geometry defined by three aqua ligands and the carbonyl oxygen of the -CO 2H groups in the basal plane and a citrate -OH donor in the apical position.

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KW - Hydrothermal synthesis

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