Syntheses and Structure Determinations of Calcium Thiolates

Scott Chadwick, Ulrich Englich, Bruce Noll, Karin Ruhlandt-Senge

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47 Scopus citations


The exploration of synthetic methodologies toward heavy alkaline-earth chalcogenolates resulted in the preparation and structural characterization of a family of calcium thiolates, including [Ca(SC6F5)2(py)4], 1 (py = pyridine), the separated ion-triple [Ca(18-crown-6)(NH3)3)][SMes*] 2·2THF, 2 (Mes* = 2,4,6-tBu3C6H2), and the contact triple [Ca(18-crown-6)(SMes*)2]·THF, 3. Compound 1 was prepared by treating [Ca(N(SiMe3)2)2]2 with 4 equiv of HSC6F5 under addition of pyridine. The thiolates 2 and 3 were synthesized by treatment of calcium metal dissolved in dry, liquid NH3 under addition of 2 equiv of HSMes* and crown ether or, alternatively, by the reduction of Mes*SSMes* with calcium metal in dry, liquid ammonia. We also report two reaction products isolated during attempted calcium thiolate syntheses: [CaBr4(THF)22-Li)2(THF) 4], 4, isolated as the product of a salt elimination reaction between CaBr2 and 2 equiv of [Li(THF)nS-2,4,6-iPr3C6H 2]m. [(NH4)(py)(SC6F5)], 5, was obtained as the sole product in the reaction of metallic calcium with HSC6F5 in liquid ammonia under addition of pyridine. All compounds were characterized by single-crystal X-ray crystallography in addition to IR and NMR spectroscopy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4718-4725
Number of pages8
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number18
StatePublished - Sep 7 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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