Sweep programs: The fall of M1 and rebirth of the medium of exchange

Donald H. Dutkowsky, Barry Z. Cynamon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


This paper investigates the effect of sweep programs on M1 using dynamic simulations of money demand over 1994-2000. The postsample period constitutes when sweep programs have been in effect. All models generate predictions systematically above reported M1. Using data on newly initiated programs, test findings indicate that sweeps account for the overprediction within the conventional money demand model with a long-term interest rate. We construct a medium of exchange measure, MIS, equal to Ml plus estimated holdings of sweep balances. MIS velocity compares favorably with that of broader aggregates. Evidence indicates cointegration within MIS money demand.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)263-279
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Money, Credit and Banking
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Accounting
  • Finance
  • Economics and Econometrics


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