Supporting entrepreneurs: A systematic review of literature and an agenda for research

Tiago Ratinho, Alejandro Amezcua, Benson Honig, Zhaocheng Zeng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Scopus citations


Entrepreneurship has become a cornerstone of economic development. The public awareness of this phenomenon spurred great interest from the academic community and policy makers alongside the creation of a vast range of entrepreneurship support initiatives. We conduct a systematic review of 122 academic articles published during a thirty year period between 1985–2015 that help to identify a series of theoretical, empirical, and practical gaps that form the basis of a research agenda. For instance, there is a shortage of conceptual articles and few empirical studies generating theoretical contributions; samples are small and idiosyncratic; context is rarely considered; and that mechanisms of ES are largely unknown. We propose that ES should develop along four main themes that ameliorate these exposed gaps: acknowledge and understand the heterogeneity of entrepreneurs and new ventures; apply existing theories to ES; improve methods and research design; and integrate ES into the ecosystem of support.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number119956
JournalTechnological Forecasting and Social Change
StatePublished - May 2020


  • Entrepreneurship
  • Entrepreneurship Support
  • Systematic Literature Review
  • Technology entrepreneurship

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Applied Psychology
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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