Supplementary feeding with locally-produced ready-to- use food (RUF) for mildly wasted children on nias island, indonesia: Comparison of daily and weekly program outcomes

Ratna C. Purwestri, Veronika Scherbaum, Dyah A. Inayati, Nia N. Wirawan, Julia Suryantan, Maurice A. Bloem, Rosnani V. Pangaribuan, Wolfgang Stuetz, Volker Hoffmann, Matin Qaim, Hans K. Biesalski, Anne C. Bellows

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ready-to-Use Foods (RUFs) in the form of fortified cereal/nut/legume-based biscuits (±500 kcal and 8-10% pro- tein per 100 g) were tested among mildly wasted children from October 2007 to June 2008, and were labelled as RUF-Nias biscuits. This study reports on a comparison of supplementary feeding program outcomes of mildly wasted children with weight-for-height z-score (WHZ) ≥-2 to <-1.5 SD aged ≥6 to <60 months old given locally produced RUF-Nias biscuits within daily (in semi-urban areas) and weekly (in rural remote regions) distribution and supervision program settings. In the Church World Service project area, all eligible children were recruited continuously from monthly community-based screening programs and admitted into existing nutrition centers managed by the community on Nias Island, Indonesia. Individual discharge criterion of the programs was WHZ ≥-1.5 SD. Of the index children admitted in daily programs (n=51), 80.4% reached target WHZ, which was higher than in weekly programs (72.9%; n=48) by a similar length of stay of about 6 weeks. Weight gain of the children in daily programs was higher (3.1±3.6 g/kg body weight/day) than in weekly programs (2.0±2.1 g/kg body weight/day), and they achieved significantly higher WHZ at discharge. However, the majority of caretakers preferred weekly programs due to lower time constraints. Locally produced RUF in the form of biscuits for treatment of mild wasting among children demonstrated promising results both in daily and weekly community- based intervention programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)374-379
Number of pages6
JournalAsia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume21
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fortified
  • Mildly wasted children
  • Ready-to-use foods
  • Supplementary feeding
  • Weight gain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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    Purwestri, R. C., Scherbaum, V., Inayati, D. A., Wirawan, N. N., Suryantan, J., Bloem, M. A., Pangaribuan, R. V., Stuetz, W., Hoffmann, V., Qaim, M., Biesalski, H. K., & Bellows, A. C. (2012). Supplementary feeding with locally-produced ready-to- use food (RUF) for mildly wasted children on nias island, indonesia: Comparison of daily and weekly program outcomes. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 21(3), 374-379.