Supervisors' Use of Reinforcement, Reframing, and Advice to Re-Author the Supervisory Narrative through E-mail Supervision

Melissa M Luke, Cynthia Gordon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations


Discourse analysis was used to investigate the semester-long weekly e-mail communication between 38 counseling supervisees in their internship placements across school, clinical mental health, and student affairs placement settings and their three respective supervisors. Evidence of supervisor re-authorship of the supervisory narrative-the stories that constitute supervisory communication and shape the interpretation of experiences-was found throughout the e-mail communication in the forms of reinforcement and reframing. Researchers also identified a derivative of re-authorship that was termed as pre-authorship, taking place through advice giving. Findings are contextualized within the supervision, narrative, and discourse literatures, with implications for training, practice, and future research discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)159-177
Number of pages19
JournalClinical Supervisor
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 2012



  • e-mail supervision
  • re-authorship
  • supervisory narrative

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Education

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