This conceptual article presents an application of the integrative developmental model (IDM) as a framework for supervising Asian international counseling students in the United States. Asian international supervisees’ characteristics and needs on four developmental levels and corresponding supervision interventions are discussed. Implications for clinical supervision, counselor education, and research are provided.
- Asian international counseling students
- Clinical supervision
- The integrative developmental model (IDM)
ASJC Scopus subject areas