Superconducting qubit in a waveguide cavity with a coherence time approaching 0.1 ms

Chad Rigetti, Jay M. Gambetta, Stefano Poletto, B. L.T. Plourde, Jerry M. Chow, A. D. Córcoles, John A. Smolin, Seth T. Merkel, J. R. Rozen, George A. Keefe, Mary B. Rothwell, Mark B. Ketchen, M. Steffen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

436 Scopus citations


We report a superconducting artificial atom with a coherence time of T2*=92 μs and energy relaxation time T 1=70 μs. The system consists of a single Josephson junction transmon qubit on a sapphire substrate embedded in an otherwise empty copper waveguide cavity whose lowest eigenmode is dispersively coupled to the qubit transition. We attribute the factor of four increase in the coherence quality factor relative to previous reports to device modifications aimed at reducing qubit dephasing from residual cavity photons. This simple device holds promise as a robust and easily produced artificial quantum system whose intrinsic coherence properties are sufficient to allow tests of quantum error correction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100506
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number10
StatePublished - Sep 24 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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