Expression of the bacterio-opsin gene in Escherichia coli has been described in the accompanying papers. We now describe rapid and efficient methods for the purification of the E. coli-expressed bacterio-opsin. Bacterio-opsin can be extracted from E. coli membranes in a denatured form by using an organic solvent containing chloroform, methanol, water, and triethylamine. The bacterio-opsin, enriched to 30-50% in the extract, can be further purified to 90% by ion-exchange chromatography on DEAE-Trisacryl or hydroxylapatite chromatography in organic solvents or by preparative sodium dodecyl sulfate gel electrophoresis. In appropriate aqueous phospholipid/detergent mixtures, up to 80% of purified protein refolds and binds retinal covalently to regenerate the bacteriorhodopsin chromophore. When reconstituted into phospholipid vesicles, bacteriorhodopsin from E. coli shows the expected proton pumping activity in response to illumination.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jul 5 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology