State saving behavior: Effects of two fiscal and budgetary institutions

Yilin Hou, William Duncombe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


This paper explores how state saving behavior is affected by two fiscal/ budgetary institutions - budget stabilization funds (BSF) and balanced budget requirements (BBR). While adopted for different reasons, BSF and BBR could have significant effects on state savings behavior depending on their design features. We empirically examine the effects of BSF and BBR using a panel data set that covers three business cycles, controlling for budgetary institutions, state economy, social services, politics, and business cycles. The paper finds that adopting BSF and BBR can raise savings by 2 and 3 percentage points, respectively; however, the effects depend crucially on the devices' design.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)48-67
Number of pages20
JournalPublic Budgeting and Finance
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Finance
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Public Administration


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