Spontaneous breaking of parity in (2+1)-dimensional QED

Thomas Appelquist, Mark J. Bowick, Dimitra Karabali, L. C.R. Wijewardhana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

106 Scopus citations


The spontaneous generation of parity- (P) and time-reversal- (T) violating masses in (2+1)-dimensional QED is studied in the large-N limit, where N is the number of two-component complex fermions. Energy considerations of various symmetry-breaking patterns indicate that P and T are not spontaneously broken, even though masses which individually violate these symmetries are dynamically generated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3774-3776
Number of pages3
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jan 1 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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    Appelquist, T., Bowick, M. J., Karabali, D., & Wijewardhana, L. C. R. (1986). Spontaneous breaking of parity in (2+1)-dimensional QED. Physical Review D, 33(12), 3774-3776. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.33.3774