Spin coated plasmonic nanoparticle interfaces for photocurrent enhancement in thin film si solar cells

Miriam Israelowitz, Jennifer Amey, Tao Cong, Radhakrishna Sureshkumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nanoparticle (NP) arrays of noble metals strongly absorb light in the visible to infrared wavelengths through resonant interactions between the incident electromagnetic field and the metal's free electron plasma. Such plasmonic interfaces enhance light absorption and photocurrent in solar cells. We report a cost-effective and scalable room temperature/pressure spin-coating route to fabricate broadband plasmonic interfaces consisting of silver NPs. The NP interface yields photocurrent enhancement (PE) in thin film silicon devices by up to 200% which is significantly greater than previously reported values. For coatings produced from Ag nanoink containing particles with average diameter of 40 nm, an optimal NP surface coverage φ of 7% is observed. Scanning electron microscopy of interface morphologies revealed that for low φ, particles are well separated, resulting in broadband PE. At higher φ, formation of particle strings and clusters causes red-shifting of the PE peak and a narrower spectral response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number639458
JournalJournal of Nanomaterials
Volume2014
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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