Listeners' ability to understand speech in adverse listening conditions is partially due to the redundant nature of speech. Natural redundancies are often lost or altered when speech is filtered, such as done in AI/SII experiments. It is important to study how listeners recognize speech when the speech signal is unfiltered and the entire broadband spectrum is present. A correlational method [R. A. Lutfi, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 97, 1333-1334 (1995); V. M. Richards and S. Zhu, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 95, 423-424 (1994)] has been used to determine how listeners use spectral cues to perceive nonsense syllables when the full speech spectrum is present [K. A. Doherty and C. W. Turner, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 100, 3769-3773 (1996); C. W. Turner, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 104, 1580-1585 (1998)]. The experiments in this study measured spectral-weighting strategies for more naturally occurring speech stimuli, specifically sentences, using a correlational method for normal-hearing listeners. Results indicate that listeners placed the greatest weight on spectral information within bands 2 and 5 (562-1113 and 2807-11000 Hz), respectively. Spectral-weighting strategies for sentences were also compared to weighting strategies for nonsense syllables measured in a previous study (C. W. Turner, 1998). Spectral-weighting strategies for sentences were different from those reported for nonsense syllables.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics