Species interactions and plant polyploidy

Kari A. Segraves, Thomas J. Anneberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Polyploidy is a common mode of speciation that can have far-reaching consequences for plant ecology and evolution. Because polyploidy can induce an array of phenotypic changes, there can be cascading eff ects on interactions with other species. These interactions, in turn, can have reciprocal eff ects on polyploid plants, potentially impacting their establishment and persistence. Although there is a wealth of information on the genetic and phenotypic effects of polyploidy, the study of species interactions in polyploid plants remains a comparatively young fi eld. Here we reviewed the available evidence for how polyploidy may impact many types of species interactions that range from mutualism to antagonism. Specifi cally, we focused on three main questions: (1) Does polyploidy directly cause the formation of novel interactions not experienced by diploids, or does it create an opportunity for natural selection to then form novel interactions? (2) Does polyploidy cause consistent, predictable changes in species interactions vs. the evolution of idiosyncratic diff erences? (3) Does polyploidy lead to greater evolvability in species interactions? From the scarce evidence available, we found that novel interactions are rare but that polyploidy can induce changes in pollinator, herbivore, and pathogen interactions. Although further tests are needed, it is likely that selection following whole-genome duplication is important in all types of species interaction and that there are circumstances in which polyploidy can enhance the evolvability of interactions with other species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1326-1335
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Botany
Volume103
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2016

Keywords

  • Coevolution
  • Fl ower visitors
  • Herbivory
  • Pathogens
  • Plant-fungal interactions
  • Pollination
  • Polyploidy
  • Seed dispersal
  • Soil microbes
  • Tri-trophic interactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

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