Spatial relationships of aluminum chemistry in the streams of the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire

G. B. Lawrence, R. D. Fuller, Charles T Driscoll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aluminum chemistry was evaluated in two headwater streams in the White Mountains of New Hampshire. Observed elevational trends in stream aluminum chemistry may be related to spatial variations of vegetation type and mineral soil depth within the watersheds. At the highest elevations maximum densities of spruce and fir vegetation occur and aluminum appears to be mobilized predominantly by transformations involving dissolved organic matter. At the mid-elevations hardwood vegetation predominates and the mechanism of aluminum mobilization shifts to dissolution by strong acids within the mineral soil. At the lowest elevations, relatively thick mineral soil seems to limit aluminum mobility, resulting in low concentrations in streamwater. Comparison of these results with an earlier study of an adjacent watershed, indicates that subtle differences in watershed characteristics such as tree species distribution and topography may cause significant variations in stream aluminum chemistry. Control of aluminum mobility by imogolite minerals was not indicated by the stream chemistry of these watersheds. To determine the relationship between acidic deposition and aluminum mobility, natural variations which occur in the aluminum cycle must be addressed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-135
Number of pages21
JournalBiogeochemistry
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1986

Fingerprint

Aluminum
aluminum
Watersheds
Minerals
watershed
mineral
Soils
imogolite
brook
streamwater
Hardwoods
vegetation
soil depth
dissolved organic matter
headwater
Biological materials
vegetation type
Topography
mobilization
Dissolution

Keywords

  • acidic deposition
  • aluminum
  • soil catena and stream chemistry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Spatial relationships of aluminum chemistry in the streams of the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. / Lawrence, G. B.; Fuller, R. D.; Driscoll, Charles T.

In: Biogeochemistry, Vol. 2, No. 2, 06.1986, p. 115-135.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Aluminum chemistry was evaluated in two headwater streams in the White Mountains of New Hampshire. Observed elevational trends in stream aluminum chemistry may be related to spatial variations of vegetation type and mineral soil depth within the watersheds. At the highest elevations maximum densities of spruce and fir vegetation occur and aluminum appears to be mobilized predominantly by transformations involving dissolved organic matter. At the mid-elevations hardwood vegetation predominates and the mechanism of aluminum mobilization shifts to dissolution by strong acids within the mineral soil. At the lowest elevations, relatively thick mineral soil seems to limit aluminum mobility, resulting in low concentrations in streamwater. Comparison of these results with an earlier study of an adjacent watershed, indicates that subtle differences in watershed characteristics such as tree species distribution and topography may cause significant variations in stream aluminum chemistry. Control of aluminum mobility by imogolite minerals was not indicated by the stream chemistry of these watersheds. To determine the relationship between acidic deposition and aluminum mobility, natural variations which occur in the aluminum cycle must be addressed.

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