Solid State Methods, Hydrothermal

Research output: Chapter in Book/Entry/PoemChapter

63 Scopus citations


The term ‘‘hydrothermal synthesis’’ is conventionally applied to heterogeneous reactions in aqueous media at temperatures above 100 °C and under autogenous pressures. The method mimics natural conditions for the formation of structurally complex mineral species under relatively mild conditions.1 Consequently, the technique has been recognized for some time as offering convenient approaches to metastable compounds, low-temperature phases, and materials with elements in unusual oxidation states. Hydrothermal methods have been applied to the preparation of a variety of materials, including microporous phases, chemical sensors, conducting solids, ceramics, magnetic solids, and phosphors.2 The applications of hydrothermal methods to crystallization processes,3 zeolite synthesis,4 the preparation of metastable oxide materials,5 and general preparative chemistry1,6 have been reviewed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationFundamentals
Subtitle of host publicationLigands, Complexes, Synthesis, Purification, and Structure
Number of pages13
ISBN (Print)9780080437484
StatePublished - Jun 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology


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