Solid-oxide fuel cell operated on in situ catalytic decomposition products of liquid hydrazine

Hongxia Gu, Ran Ran, Wei Zhou, Zongping Shao, Wanqin Jin, Nanping Xu, Jeongmin Ahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Hydrazine was examined as a fuel for a solid-oxide fuel cell (SOFC) that employed a typical nickel-based anode. An in situ catalytic decomposition of hydrazine at liquid state under room temperature and ambient pressure before introducing to the fuel cell was developed by applying a Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-δ (BSCF) oxide catalyst. Catalytic testing demonstrated that liquid N2H4 can be decomposed to gaseous NH3 and H2 at a favorable rate and at a temperature as low as 20 °C and H2 selectivity reaching values as high as 10% at 60 °C. Comparable fuel cell performance was observed using either the in situ decomposition products of hydrazine or pure hydrogen as fuel. A peak power density of ∼850 mW cm-2 at 900 °C was obtained with a typical fuel cell composed of scandia-stabilized zirconia and La0.8Sr0.2MnO3 cathode. The high energy and power density, easy storage and simplicity in fuel delivery make it highly attractive for portable applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)323-329
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • BaSrCoFeO
  • Hydrazine
  • Nickel
  • Portable application
  • Solid-oxide fuel cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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