Shrinking kin networks in Italy due to sustained low fertility

Cecilia Tomassini, Douglas A. Wolf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Among the closely watched demographic trends of the late 20th Century is a pronounced drop in fertility rates throughout much of the world. Italy presents a particularly interesting case for study: in 1960. Italy's TFR was 2.41, whereas by 1995 it had fallen to 1.17. According to United Nations projections, by 2050 Italy will be the second oldest country in the world, with 3.4 persons aged 60 or older per person under 15 years of age. Besides overall population ageing, another implication of sustained low fertility is smaller families and kin groups. We investigate the consequences of projected changes in Italy's birth and death rates on the composition of kin groups using microsimulation techniques. Using a starting population taken from the 1994 "Indagine Multiscopo sulle Famiglie" survey, and projected rates of mortality and fertility by age and parity produced by the Italian Institute of Statistics, we simulate the path of kin-group patterns in Italy during the period 1994-2050. While we reproduce the aggregate population patterns found in official projections, we conduct our estimates at the "micro" level, keeping track of the relationships between individuals that underlie kin group patterns. We show the effects of the demographic trends on the existence of daughters and sons for older mothers, on the number of sisters and brothers with whom an adult woman could share the responsibilities of caring an elderly mother, and the effect of the joint action of the increase in longevity and the mean age at fertility on the proportion of adult women with a living mother.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353-372
Number of pages20
JournalEuropean Journal of Population
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2000


  • Below-replacement fertility
  • Kinship
  • Microsimulation
  • Population projections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography


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