Serum and plasma from patients with Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome reduce depolarization-dependent uptake of 45Ca2+ into rat cortical synaptosomes

Sandra J. Hewett, William D. Atchison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

The reduction in nerve-evoked release of transmitter at the neuromuscular jkunction of patients with Lamber-Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome (LEMS) is thought to be caused by a circulating autoantibody to calcium channels of presynaptic motor nerve terminals. Studies were undertaken to determine whether acute application of plasma and serum from patients with LEMS or small cell carcinoma (SCC) would reduce depolarization-dependent uptake of 45Ca2+ into isolated nerve terminals of the central nervous system (CNS). Net potassium-stimulated influx was reduced by sera and plasma from patients with LEMS but not by sera from patients with SCC. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release from synaptosome incubated with plasma or serum from patients with LEMS was not increased over control. These results are significant because: (1) they demonstrate that acute exposure to a circulating factor in sera/plasma from a patient with LEMS is sufficient to inhibit Ca2+ channel activity in isolated nerve terminals, as opposed to chronic regimens used on other models for the disease; (2) they indicate that the existence of SCC alone is insufficient to trigger a LEMS-like autoimmune response; (3) they suggest that Ca2+ channels of nerve terminals secreting different transmitters may share common epitopes recognized by the LEMS autoantibody; and (4) they suggest that synaptosomes will be useful determining the neurochemical site and specificity of the LEMS autoantibody.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)320-324
Number of pages5
JournalBrain Research
Volume566
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 6 1991
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Autoantibody
  • Calcium channel
  • Isolated nerve terminal (synaptosome)
  • Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome
  • Neuromuscular disease
  • Small cell carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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