Separate but not equal: Toward a nomological net for migrants and migrant entrepreneurship

Lisa Jones Christensen, Arielle Badger Newman, Heidi Herrick, Paul Godfrey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


This paper considers migrants on a continuum in terms of voluntariness of departure and intended timeframe in the new location. The corresponding 2 × 2 framework offers a theory-driven typology with which to consider four groups: exiles, sojourners, immigrants, and refugees. We apply the framework to the topic of migrant entrepreneurship, demonstrating the need for separate consideration of refugee and immigrant entrepreneurs. We propose ways in which types of capital differ between the two and discuss how differences affect entrepreneurial endeavors. The framework extends scholarship on migrant entrepreneurship, while providing a nomological net for improved theorizing for a range of migrant situations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of International Business Policy
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • comparative entrepreneurship
  • construct development and evaluation
  • economic development
  • evaluation of current theories
  • immigration policy
  • refugees

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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