There is set forth herein a sensor for sensing of substances. The sensor can include a sensing crystal oscillator and a reference crystal oscillator. The sensing crystal oscillator and the reference crystal oscillator can be arranged in a phase locked loop so that the oscillators oscillate at a common frequency. The sensor can be configured so that there is a baseline phase differential between the oscillation frequencies of the sensing crystal oscillator and the reference crystal oscillator. Detectable substances accumulating on the sensing crystal oscillator will induce a phase shift between output frequencies of the reference oscillator and the sensing crystal oscillator to allow for highly sensitive sensing of substances in small concentrations.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Mar 6 2014|