Second stage string fragmentation model

Thamar Al.-Aithan, Carl Rosenzweig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A string model, advocated by Bowler, provides a physical and intuitive picture of heavy quark fragmentation. When supplemented by an ad hoc factor of (Formula presented) to suppress fragmentation near (Formula presented) it supplies an excellent fit to the data. We extend Bowler’s model by accounting for the further decay of the massive mesonic states produced by the initial string breaking. We find that each subsequent string break and cascade decay beyond the first, introduces a factor of (Formula presented) Furthermore we find that including a finite mass for the quarks, which pop out of the vacuum and split the string, forces the first string breaking to produce massive states requiring further decay. This sequence terminates at the second stage of fragmentation where only relatively “light” heavy meson systems are formed. Thus we naturally account for the phenomenologically required factor of (Formula presented) We also predict that the ratio of (primary) fragments vector/(vector plus scalar) should be 0.61. Our second stage string fragmentation model provides an appealing picture of heavy quark fragmentation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8
Number of pages1
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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