Search for gravitational waves from galactic and extra-galactic binary neutron stars

B. Abbott, R. Abbott, R. Adhikari, A. Ageev, B. Allen, R. Amin, S. B. Anderson, W. G. Anderson, M. Araya, H. Armandula, M. Ashley, F. Asiri, P. Aufmuth, C. Aulbert, S. Babak, R. Balasubramanian, S. Ballmer, B. C. Barish, C. Barker, D. BarkerM. Barnes, B. Barr, M. A. Barton, K. Bayer, R. Beausoleil, K. Belczynski, R. Bennett, S. J. Berukoff, J. Betzwieser, B. Bhawal, I. A. Bilenko, G. Billingsley, E. Black, K. Blackburn, L. Blackburn, B. Bland, B. Bochner, L. Bogue, R. Bork, S. Bose, P. R. Brady, V. B. Braginsky, J. E. Brau, D. A. Brown, A. Bullington, A. Bunkowski, A. Buonanno, R. Burgess, D. Busby, W. E. Butler, R. L. Byer, L. Cadonati, G. Cagnoli, J. B. Camp, C. A. Cantley, L. Cardenas, K. Carter, M. M. Casey, J. Castiglione, A. Chandler, J. Chapsky, P. Charlton, S. Chatterji, S. Chelkowski, Y. Chen, V. Chickarmane, D. Chin, N. Christensen, D. Churches, T. Cokelaer, C. Colacino, R. Coldwell, M. Coles, D. Cook, T. Corbitt, D. Coyne, J. D.E. Creighton, T. D. Creighton, D. R.M. Crooks, P. Csatorday, B. J. Cusack, C. Cutler, E. D'Ambrosio, K. Danzmann, E. Daw, D. Debra, T. Delker, V. Dergachev, R. Desalvo, S. Dhurandhar, A. Di Credico, M. Díaz, H. Ding, R. W.P. Drever, R. J. Dupuis, J. A. Edlund, P. Ehrens, E. J. Elliffe, T. Etzel, M. Evans, T. Evans, S. Fairhurst, C. Fallnich, D. Farnham, M. M. Fejer, T. Findley, M. Fine, L. S. Finn, K. Y. Franzen, A. Freise, R. Frey, P. Fritschel, V. V. Frolov, M. Fyffe, K. S. Ganezer, J. Garofoli, J. A. Giaime, A. Gillespie, K. Goda, G. González, S. Goßler, P. Grandclément, A. Grant, C. Gray, A. M. Gretarsson, D. Grimmett, H. Grote, S. Grunewald, M. Guenther, E. Gustafson, R. Gustafson, W. O. Hamilton, M. Hammond, J. Hanson, C. Hardham, J. Harms, G. Harry, A. Hartunian, J. Heefner, Y. Hefetz, G. Heinzel, I. S. Heng, M. Hennessy, N. Hepler, A. Heptonstall, M. Heurs, M. Hewitson, S. Hild, N. Hindman, P. Hoang, J. Hough, M. Hrynevych, W. Hua, M. Ito, Y. Itoh, A. Ivanov, O. Jennrich, B. Johnson, W. W. Johnson, W. R. Johnston, D. I. Jones, L. Jones, D. Jungwirth, V. Kalogera, E. Katsavounidis, K. Kawabe, S. Kawamura, W. Kells, J. Kern, A. Khan, S. Killbourn, C. J. Killow, C. Kim, C. King, P. King, S. Klimenko, S. Koranda, K. Kötter, J. Kovalik, D. Kozak, B. Krishnan, M. Landry, J. Langdale, B. Lantz, R. Lawrence, A. Lazzarini, M. Lei, I. Leonor, K. Libbrecht, A. Libson, P. Lindquist, S. Liu, J. Logan, M. Lormand, M. Lubinski, H. Lück, T. T. Lyons, B. MacHenschalk, M. MacInnis, M. Mageswaran, K. Mailand, W. Majid, M. Malec, F. Mann, A. Marin, S. Márka, E. Maros, J. Mason, K. Mason, O. Matherny, L. Matone, N. Mavalvala, R. McCarthy, D. E. McClelland, M. McHugh, J. W.C. McNabb, G. Mendell, R. A. Mercer, S. Meshkov, E. Messaritaki, C. Messenger, V. P. Mitrofanov, G. Mitselmakher, R. Mittleman, O. Miyakawa, S. Miyoki, S. Mohanty, G. Moreno, K. Mossavi, G. Mueller, S. Mukherjee, P. Murray, J. Myers, S. Nagano, T. Nash, R. Nayak, G. Newton, F. Nocera, J. S. Noel, P. Nutzman, T. Olson, B. O'Reilly, D. J. Ottaway, A. Ottewill, D. Ouimette, H. Overmier, B. J. Owen, Y. Pan, M. A. Papa, V. Parameshwaraiah, A. Parameswaran, C. Parameswariah, M. Pedraza, S. Penn, M. Pitkin, M. Plissi, R. Prix, V. Quetschke, F. Raab, H. Radkins, R. Rahkola, M. Rakhmanov, S. R. Rao, K. Rawlins, S. Ray-Majumder, V. Re, D. Redding, M. W. Regehr, T. Regimbau, S. Reid, K. T. Reilly, K. Reithmaier, D. H. Reitze, S. Richman, R. Riesen, K. Riles, B. Rivera, A. Rizzi, D. I. Robertson, N. A. Robertson, L. Robison, S. Roddy, J. Rollins, J. D. Romano, J. Romie, H. Rong, D. Rose, E. Rotthoff, S. Rowan, A. Rüdiger, P. Russell, K. Ryan, I. Salzman, V. Sandberg, G. H. Sanders, V. Sannibale, B. Sathyaprakash, P. R. Saulson, R. Savage, A. Sazonov, R. Schilling, K. Schlaufman, V. Schmidt, R. Schnabel, R. Schofield, B. F. Schutz, P. Schwinberg, S. M. Scott, S. E. Seader, A. C. Searle, B. Sears, S. Seel, F. Seifert, A. S. Sengupta, C. A. Shapiro, P. Shawhan, D. H. Shoemaker, Q. Z. Shu, A. Sibley, X. Siemens, L. Sievers, D. Sigg, A. M. Sintes, J. R. Smith, M. Smith, M. R. Smith, P. H. Sneddon, R. Spero, G. Stapfer, D. Steussy, K. A. Strain, D. Strom, A. Stuver, T. Summerscales, M. C. Sumner, P. J. Sutton, J. Sylvestre, A. Takamori, D. B. Tanner, H. Tariq, I. Taylor, R. Taylor, R. Taylor, K. A. Thorne, K. S. Thorne, M. Tibbits, S. Tilav, M. Tinto, K. V. Tokmakov, C. Torres, C. Torrie, G. Traylor, W. Tyler, D. Ugolini, C. Ungarelli, M. Vallisneri, M. Van Putten, S. Vass, A. Vecchio, J. Veitch, C. Vorvick, S. P. Vyachanin, L. Wallace, H. Walther, H. Ward, B. Ware, K. Watts, D. Webber, A. Weidner, U. Weiland, A. Weinstein, R. Weiss, H. Welling, L. Wen, S. Wen, J. T. Whelan, S. E. Whitcomb, B. F. Whiting, S. Wiley, C. Wilkinson, P. A. Willems, P. R. Williams, R. Williams, B. Willke, A. Wilson, B. J. Winjum, W. Winkler, S. Wise, A. G. Wiseman, G. Woan, D. Woods, R. Wooley, J. Worden, W. Wu, I. Yakushin, H. Yamamoto, S. Yoshida, K. D. Zaleski, M. Zanolin, I. Zawischa, L. Zhang, R. Zhu, N. Zotov, M. Zucker, J. Zweizig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

96 Scopus citations

Abstract

We use 373 hours (≈15 days) of data from the second science run of the LIGO gravitational-wave detectors to search for signals from binary neutron star coalescences within a maximum distance of about 1.5 Mpc, a volume of space which includes the Andromeda Galaxy and other galaxies of the Local Group of galaxies. This analysis requires a signal to be found in data from detectors at the two LIGO sites, according to a set of coincidence criteria. The background (accidental coincidence rate) is determined from the data and is used to judge the significance of event candidates. No inspiral gravitational-wave events were identified in our search. Using a population model which includes the Local Group, we establish an upper limit of less than 47 inspiral events per year per Milky Way equivalent galaxy with 90% confidence for nonspinning binary neutron star systems with component masses between 1 and 3M.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number082001
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Volume72
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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