Saving the Salmon: Examining the Cost-Effectiveness of Collaboration in Oregon

Qasim Mehdi, Tina Nabatchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Environmental collaboration has become an increasingly common approach to the management of natural resources. Scholars and practitioners have tried to understand how collaborative structures impact performance using a multitude of single case studies and comparative studies. However, despite calls for the evaluation of collaborative performance, minimal quantitative research explores the connections between collaborative structures and performance using a large sample for analysis. We address this gap by carrying out fixed effects analysis that examines the impact of several structural variations, including collaboration form, number and representational diversity of participants, and contributions of in-kind resources, on the cost-effectiveness of collaborative watershed projects in Oregon. The data for this project come from the Oregon Watershed Restoration Inventory (OWRI). Our results indicate that collaboration form, participant numbers, and resource contributions affect cost-effectiveness, but representational diversity among participants does not. The findings from this article can help sponsoring and implementing agencies execute collaborative projects more cost-effectively. They also indicate the need for additional research exploring the relationship between collaborative structures, outputs, and outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)498-511
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Public Administration Research and Theory
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Public Administration
  • Marketing


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