Sampling-surface orientation and clast macrofabric in periglacial colluvium

Susan W.S. Millar, Frederick E. Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


To isolate the influence of sampling-surface orientation on the macrofabric of periglacial colluvial deposits, clast orientation measurements were obtained from seven paired horizontal and vertical exposures in turf-banked solifluction lobes on Niwot Ridge, Colorado Front Range. Most samples form moderately strong, upslope-plunging clusters aligned with the local slope orientation. Fabrics obtained from vertical faces were stronger than those from horizontal exposures in six of the pairs. Near-horizontal sampling surfaces yield less biased results than vertical exposures, owing to operator perceptions, procedural difficulties, and the relative thinness of the layer affected by colluvial processes. Sampling procedures must be standardized before comparative studies of colluvium can yield reliable results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)523-529
Number of pages7
JournalEarth Surface Processes and Landforms
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2001


  • Clast fabric
  • Periglacial colluvium
  • Sampling
  • Solifluction
  • Spherical statistics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

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