This study examined the perceptions of male and female scientists concerning their experiences in achieving and maintaining a career within the scientific community. Additionally, how male and female scientists viewed the nature of science itself was explored. The intent was to determine the commonalities and differences that exist within and between these groups to gain additional insight into the problem of the under-representation of women in science. Male and female respondents had contrasting experiences in becoming scientists as well as maintaining careers within the scientific community. Women perceived many more barriers than did male respondents. Despite differences faced by male and female respondents, their beliefs about what constituted science were nearly identical.
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