Role of the basement membrane in regulation of cardiac electrical properties

Huaxiao Yang, Thomas K. Borg, Zhonghai Wang, Zhen Ma, Bruce Z. Gao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the heart muscle, each adult cardiomyocyte is enclosed by a basement membrane (BM). This innermost extracellular matrix is a layered assembly of laminin, collagen IV, glycoproteins, and proteoglycans. In this study, the role of the BM network in regulation of the electrical properties of neonatal cardiomyocytes (NCMs) cultured on an aligned collagen I gel was investigated using a multielectrode array (MEA). A laminin antibody was added to the culture medium for 48-120 h to conjugate newly secreted laminin. Then, morphology of the NCMs on an MEA was monitored using a phase contrast microscope, and the BM network that was immunocytostained for laminin was imaged using a fluorescence microscope. When the BM laminin was absent in this culture model, dramatic changes in NCM morphology were observed. Simultaneously, the MEA-recorded cardiac field potential showed changes compared to that from the control groups: The period of contraction shortened to 1/2 of that from the control groups, and the waveform of the calcium influx shifted from a flat plateau to a peak-like waveform, indicating that the electrical properties of the NCMs were closely related to the components and distribution of the BM network.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1148-1157
Number of pages10
JournalAnnals of Biomedical Engineering
Volume42
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2014

Keywords

  • Basement membrane
  • Cardiomyocyte
  • Electrophysiology
  • Multielectrode array

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering

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