Role of Acid Catalysis in the Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Fuels and Chemicals

Elif Gürbüz, Jesse Q. Bond, James A. Dumesic, Yuriy Román-Leshkov

Research output: Chapter in Book/Entry/PoemChapter

18 Scopus citations


Acid catalysts are ubiquitous in biomass conversion because of their ability to deoxygenate molecules by way of multiple chemical pathways. In this chapter, the importance and current state of acid catalysis for the conversion of lignocellulose into chemicals and fuels is outlined in the context of aqueous-phase processing. Selected examples are used to highlight the use of catalytic materials featuring Brønsted or Lewis acid sites in lignocellulosic biomass conversion processes, and to showcase the role of acidity in catalytic coupling and process intensification. The chapter presents some of the outstanding challenges to acid catalysis and includes a perspective on its future outlook in an integrated biorefining strategy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Role of Catalysis for the Sustainable Production of Bio-Fuels and Bio-Chemicals
Number of pages28
ISBN (Print)9780444563309
StatePublished - Mar 27 2013


  • Biomass conversion
  • Biomass upgrading
  • Biorefinery
  • Brønsted acids
  • Lewis acids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry


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