Rise of the Andes

Carmala N. Garzione, Gregory D. Hoke, Julie C. Libarkin, Saunia Withers, Bruce MacFadden, John Eiler, Prosenjit Ghosh, Andreas Mulch

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

577 Scopus citations


The surface uplift of mountain belts is generally assumed to reflect progressive shortening and crustal thickening, leading to their gradual rise. Recent studies of the Andes indicate that their elevation remained relatively stable for long periods (tens of millions of years), separated by rapid (1 to 4 million years) changes of 1.5 kilometers or more. Periodic punctuated surface uplift of mountain belts probably reflects the rapid removal of unstable, dense lower lithosphere after long-term thickening of the crust and lithospheric mantle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1304-1307
Number of pages4
Issue number5881
StatePublished - Jun 6 2008
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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