Retrograde amnesia and the 'reminder effect': an alternative interpretation

Paul Ernest Gold, J. W. Haycock, J. Macri, J. L. McGaugh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Scopus citations


Recent findings suggest that amnesic agents block the retrieval of stored information. 'Reminder' treatments, such as noncontingent punishments given after the production of amnesia for avoidance learning, improve th later the performance of an animal. The data reported suggest that noncontingent treatments provide an additional learning experience which adds to the retention performance of partially amnesic or poorly trained animals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1199-1201
Number of pages3
Issue number4091
StatePublished - 1973
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Gold, P. E., Haycock, J. W., Macri, J., & McGaugh, J. L. (1973). Retrograde amnesia and the 'reminder effect': an alternative interpretation. Science, 180(4091), 1199-1201.