Retrograde amnesia after localized brain shock in passive-avoidance learning

Paul E. Gold, William Farrell, Richard A. King

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Rats were trained on a one-trial passive-avoidance task. Post-trial brain shock was administered through skull screws. This stimulation was given through either anterior or posterior skull placements at several current intensities. At two intensities anterior stimulation was found to produce significantly more retrograde amnesia than the corresponding posterior stimulation. The results are discussed in terms of (a) possible lower generalized brain seizure thresholds for anterior shocks, and (b) possible post-trial disruption of activity in the specific anterior brain structures importantly involved in memory for passive-avoidance learning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)709-712
Number of pages4
JournalPhysiology and Behavior
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1971
Externally publishedYes


  • ECS
  • Electroconvulsive shock
  • Localization of ECS effects
  • Memory
  • Passive-avoidance learning
  • Retrograde amnesia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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