Reshaped wirtinger flow for solving quadratic system of equations

Huishuai Zhang, Yingbin Liang

Research output: Contribution to journalConference Articlepeer-review

79 Scopus citations


We study the problem of recovering a vector x ∈ ℝn from its magnitude measurements yi = |(ai,x)|,i = 1⋯, m. Our work is along the line of the Wirtinger flow (WF) approach Candès et al. [2015], which solves the problem by minimizing a nonconvex loss function via a gradient algorithm and can be shown to converge to a global optimal point under good initialization. In contrast to the smooth loss function used in WF, we adopt a nonsmooth but lower-order loss function, and design a gradient-like algorithm (referred to as reshaped-WF). We show that for random Gaussian measurements, reshaped-WF enjoys geometric convergence to a global optimal point as long as the number m of measurements is at the order of O(n), where n is the dimension of the unknown x. This improves the sample complexity of WF, and achieves the same sample complexity as truncated-WF Chen and Candes [2015] but without truncation at gradient step. Furthermore, reshaped-WF costs less computationally than WF, and runs faster numerically than both WF and truncated-WF. Bypassing higher-order variables in the loss function and truncations in the gradient loop, analysis of reshaped-WF is simplified.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2630-2638
Number of pages9
JournalAdvances in Neural Information Processing Systems
StatePublished - 2016
Event30th Annual Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems, NIPS 2016 - Barcelona, Spain
Duration: Dec 5 2016Dec 10 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Information Systems
  • Signal Processing


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