Supporting URLLC has become one of the major considerations in the design of 5G systems. In the literature, it has been shown that cooperative relaying is an efficient strategy to improve the reliability of transmissions, support higher rates, and lower latency. However, prior studies have demonstrated the performance advantages of relaying generally under the ideal assumption of communicating arbitrarily reliably at Shannon's channel capacity, which is not an accurate performance indicator for relaying in URLLC networks in which transmission is required to be completed within a strict time span and coding schemes with relatively short blocklengths need to be employed. In this article, we address the performance modeling and optimization of relaying-enabled URLLC networks. We first discuss the accurate performance modeling of relay-enabled 5G networks. In particular, we provide a comprehensive summary of the performance advantage of applying relaying in 5G URLLC transmissions in comparison to the case of direct transmission (without relaying). Both a noise-limited scenario and an interference- limited scenario are discussed. Then we present tools for performance optimization utilizing the knowledge of either perfect or average channel side information. Finally, we summarize the proposed optimization schemes and discuss potential future research directions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Information Systems
- Hardware and Architecture
- Computer Networks and Communications