Relationships between parental education and overweight with childhood overweight and physical activity in 9-11 year old children: Results from a 12-country study

Stella K. Muthuri, Vincent O. Onywera, Mark S. Tremblay, Stephanie T. Broyles, Jean Philippe Chaput, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Rebecca Kuriyan, Anura Kurpad, Estelle V. Lambert, Carol Maher, José Maia, Victor Matsudo, Timothy Olds, Olga L. Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Pei Zhao, Timothy S. Church, Peter T. KatzmarzykDenise G. Lambert, Tiago Barreira, Stephanie Broyles, Ben Butitta, Catherine Champagne, Shannon Cocreham, Kara D. Denstel, Katy Drazba, Deirdre Harrington, William Johnson, Dione Milauskas, Emily Mire, Allison Tohme, Ruben Rodarte, Bobby Amoroso, John Luopa, Rebecca Neiberg, Scott Rushing, Lucy Lewis, Katia Ferrar, Effie Georgiadis, Rebecca Stanley, Victor Keihan Rodrigues Matsudo, Sandra Matsudo, Timoteo Araujo, Luis Carlos De Oliveira, Luis Fabiano, Diogo Bezerra, Gerson Ferrari, Priscilla Bélanger, Mike Borghese, Charles Boyer, Allana Leblanc, Claire Francis, Geneviève Leduc, Chengming Diao, Wei Li, Weiqin Li, Enqing Liu, Gongshu Liu, Hongyan Liu, Jian Ma, Yijuan Qiao, Huiguang Tian, Yue Wang, Tao Zhang, Fuxia Zhang, Olga Sarmiento, Julio Acosta, Yalta Alvira, Maria Paula Diaz, Rocio Gamez, Maria Paula Garcia, Luis Guillermo Gómez, Lisseth Gonzalez, Silvia Gonzalez, Carlos Grijalba, Leidys Gutierrez, David Leal, Nicolas Lemus, Etelvina Mahecha, Maria Paula Mahecha, Rosalba Mahecha, Andrea Ramirez, Paola Rios, Andres Suarez, Camilo Triana, Elli Hovi, Jemina Kivelä, Sari Räsänen, Sanna Roito, Taru Saloheimo, Leena Valta, Deepa P. Lokesh, Michelle Stephanie D'Almeida, Annie Mattilda R, Lygia Correa, D. Vijay, Vincent Onywera, Lucy Joy Wachira, Stella Muthuri, Alessandra Da Silva Borges, Sofia Oliveira Sá Cachada, Raquel Nichele De Chaves, Thayse Natacha Queiroz Ferreira Gomes, Sara Isabel Sampaio Pereira, Daniel Monteiro De Vilhena E Santos, Fernanda Karina Dos Santos, Pedro Gil Rodrigues Da Silva, Michele Caroline De Souza, Vicki Lambert, Matthew April, Monika Uys, Nirmala Naidoo, Nandi Synyanya, Madelaine Carstens, Sean Cumming, Clemens Drenowatz, Lydia Emm, Fiona Gillison, Julia Zakrzewski, Ashley Braud, Sheletta Donatto, Corbin Lemon, Ana Jackson, Ashunti Pearson, Gina Pennington, Daniel Ragus, Ryan Roubion, John Schuna, Derek Wiltz, Alan Batterham, Jacqueline Kerr, Michael Pratt, Angelo Pietrobelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Globally, the high prevalence of overweight and low levels of physical activity among children has serious implications for morbidity and premature mortality in adulthood. Various parental factors are associated with childhood overweight and physical activity. The objective of this paper was to investigate relationships between parental education or overweight, and (i) child overweight, (ii) child physical activity, and (iii) explore household coexistence of overweight, in a large international sample. Methods: Data were collected from 4752 children (9-11 years) as part of the International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle and the Environment in 12 countries around the world. Physical activity of participating children was assessed by accelerometry, and body weight directly measured. Questionnaires were used to collect parents' education level, weight, and height. Results: Maternal and paternal overweight were positively associated with child overweight. Higher household coexistence of parent-child overweight was observed among overweight children compared to the total sample. There was a positive relationship between maternal education and child overweight in Colombia 1.90 (1.23-2.94) [odds ratio (confidence interval)] and Kenya 4.80 (2.21-10.43), and a negative relationship between paternal education and child overweight in Brazil 0.55 (0.33-0.92) and the USA 0.54 (0.33-0.88). Maternal education was negatively associated with children meeting physical activity guidelines in Colombia 0.53 (0.33-0.85), Kenya 0.35 (0.19-0.63), and Portugal 0.54 (0.31-0.96). Conclusions: Results are aligned with previous studies showing positive associations between parental and child overweight in all countries, and positive relationships between parental education and child overweight or negative associations between parental education and child physical activity in lower economic status countries. Relationships between maternal and paternal education and child weight status and physical activity appear to be related to the developmental stage of different countries. Given these varied relationships, it is crucial to further explore familial factors when investigating child overweight and physical activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0147746
JournalPloS one
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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    Muthuri, S. K., Onywera, V. O., Tremblay, M. S., Broyles, S. T., Chaput, J. P., Fogelholm, M., Hu, G., Kuriyan, R., Kurpad, A., Lambert, E. V., Maher, C., Maia, J., Matsudo, V., Olds, T., Sarmiento, O. L., Standage, M., Tudor-Locke, C., Zhao, P., Church, T. S., ... Pietrobelli, A. (2016). Relationships between parental education and overweight with childhood overweight and physical activity in 9-11 year old children: Results from a 12-country study. PloS one, 11(8), [e0147746]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0147746