TY - JOUR

T1 - Relations of mathematics mindset, mathematics anxiety, mathematics identity, and mathematics self-efficacy to STEM career choice

T2 - A structural equation modeling approach

AU - Cribbs, Jennifer

AU - Huang, Xiaoxia

AU - Piatek-Jimenez, Katrina

N1 - Funding Information:
This research was partially supported by a Research & Creative Activities Program grant (RCAP #15‐8002) at Western Kentucky University.
Funding Information:
This research was partially supported by a Research & Creative Activities Program grant (RCAP #15-8002) at Western Kentucky University.
Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 School Science and Mathematics Association

PY - 2021/5

Y1 - 2021/5

N2 - Several key factors have emerged from the literature contributing to the explanation of STEM participation (or lack of), including mathematics mindset, mathematics anxiety, mathematics identity, and mathematics self-efficacy. Despite the research on the relations of these variables to career interest, few studies have integrated them and examined their intertwined relations in one model. The purpose of this study was to use a structural equation modeling approach to answer the central question: To what extent are the factors of mathematics mindset, mathematics anxiety, mathematics identity, and mathematics self-efficacy related to each other and a STEM career choice? The results highlight a key finding that mathematics identity serves as a full mediator between mathematics mindset and STEM career interest as well as between mathematics anxiety and STEM career interest.

AB - Several key factors have emerged from the literature contributing to the explanation of STEM participation (or lack of), including mathematics mindset, mathematics anxiety, mathematics identity, and mathematics self-efficacy. Despite the research on the relations of these variables to career interest, few studies have integrated them and examined their intertwined relations in one model. The purpose of this study was to use a structural equation modeling approach to answer the central question: To what extent are the factors of mathematics mindset, mathematics anxiety, mathematics identity, and mathematics self-efficacy related to each other and a STEM career choice? The results highlight a key finding that mathematics identity serves as a full mediator between mathematics mindset and STEM career interest as well as between mathematics anxiety and STEM career interest.

KW - mathematics anxiety

KW - mathematics identity

KW - mathematics mindset

KW - mathematics self-efficacy

KW - STEM career choice

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85104883096&partnerID=8YFLogxK

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U2 - 10.1111/ssm.12470

DO - 10.1111/ssm.12470

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85104883096

VL - 121

SP - 275

EP - 287

JO - School Science and Mathematics

JF - School Science and Mathematics

SN - 0036-6803

IS - 5

ER -