Relational underpinnings of condom use: Findings from the project on partner dynamics

Christopher R. Agnew, S. Marie Harvey, Laura E. VanderDrift, Jocelyn Warren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To examine how relational qualities, including commitment to a sexual partner, are associated with condom use among young heterosexual adults at increased risk for sexually transmitted infections. Guided by the investment model of commitment processes, we hypothesized that sexual partner commitment is a function of satisfaction with, alternatives to, and investments in the relationship. Commitment to a sexual partner is, in turn, associated with reduced perceptions of vulnerability to sexually transmitted infection acquisition, which results in lowered condom use intentions and use. Method: We tested the hypothesized model using data from the Project on Partner Dynamics (POPD), a 4-wave, 1-year longitudinal study featuring a Time 1 sample of 538 African American, Hispanic, and White young adult from East Los Angeles, California, who provided data on all their sexual relationships over the year. Results: Findings from hierarchical path models supported the hypotheses, with relational qualities significantly linked to condom use via commitment, perceived vulnerability to harm from partner and intentions to use. Conclusion: These findings have implications for improving the health of high-risk individuals, including suggesting the importance of raising awareness of relational qualities that may give rise to unsafe sexual practices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)713-720
Number of pages8
JournalHealth Psychology
Volume36
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2017

Keywords

  • Condom use
  • Intentions
  • Investment model
  • Perceived vulnerability
  • Relationship commitment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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