Almost one third of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) will have an abnormal blood pressure response (ABPR) to exercise, and this has been associated with a greater risk of sudden cardiac death. In the present study, we examined the association between the steady (mean arterial pressure) and pulsatile (pulse pressure) blood pressure components as they relate to ABPR in patients with HC (n = 70). All patients completed a standard Bruce protocol during symptom-limited stress testing with concurrent hemodynamic measurements. Pulse pressure (PP) was significantly greater in patients with HC with an ABPR (n = 19) than in the patients with HC without an ABPR to exercise (p <0.05). According to binary logistic regression analysis, PP at rest was a significant predictor of ABPR in patients with HC (p <0.05). Mean arterial pressure was not significantly different between the 2 groups, nor was it a predictor of an ABPR in the presence of HC. Those within the greatest tertile of PP at rest were 4.8 times more likely to have an ABPR than those within the lowest PP tertile (95% confidence interval 1.24 to 18.2, p <0.05). In conclusion, elevations in PP at rest might identify patients with HC at a greater risk of having an ABPR during exercise.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine