Registration of multimodal brain images: Some experimental results

Hua Mei Chen, Pramod K. Varshney

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Joint histogram of two images is required to uniquely determine the mutual information between the two images. It has been pointed out that, under certain conditions, existing joint histogram estimation algorithms like partial volume interpolation (PVI) and linear interpolation may result in different types of artifact patterns in the MI based registration function by introducing spurious maxima. As a result, the artifacts may hamper the global optimization process and limit registration accuracy. In this paper we present an extensive study of interpolation-induced artifacts using simulated brain images and show that similar artifact patterns also exist when other intensity interpolation algorithms like cubic convolution interpolation and cubic B-spline interpolation are used. A new joint histogram estimation scheme named generalized partial volume estimation (GPVE) is proposed to eliminate the artifacts. A kernel function is involved in the proposed scheme and when the 1st order B-spline is chosen as the kernel function, it is equivalent to the PVI. A clinical brain image database furnished by Vanderbilt University is used to compare the accuracy of our algorithm with that of PVI. Our experimental results show that the use of higher order kernels can effectively remove the artifacts and, in cases when MI based registration result suffers from the artifacts, registration accuracy can be improved significantly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)122-133
Number of pages12
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume4731
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002
EventSensor Fusion: Architectures, Algorithms, and Applications VI - Orlando, FL, United States
Duration: Apr 3 2002Apr 5 2002

Keywords

  • Interpolation-induced artifacts
  • Joint histogram estimation
  • Multimodality image registration
  • Mutual information based image registration
  • Registration of brain images

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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