Refined stick model for dynamic analysis of skew highway bridges

J. Y. Meng, E. M. Lui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Stick models are widely employed in the dynamic analysis of bridges when only approximate results are desired or when detailed models are difficult or time-consuming to construct. Although the use of stick models for regular bridges has been validated by various researchers, the application of such models to skew highway bridges continues to present challenges. The conventional single-beam stick model used to represent the bridge deck often fails to capture certain predominant vibration modes that are important in obtaining the true dynamic response of the bridge. In this paper, a refined stick model is proposed for the preliminary dynamic analysis of skew bridges, The model utilizes a dual-beam stick representation of the bridge deck. The validity of the model is established by comparing results obtained from the proposed model with numerical solutions obtained for skew plates and a skew bridge. It is shown that this dual-beam stick model is superior to the conventional single-beam model in estimating the natural vibration frequencies and in predicting the predominant vibration modes of the bridge. Because of its simplicity and relative accuracy, this model is recommended for the preliminary dynamic analysis of skew highway bridges.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)184-194
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Bridge Engineering
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2002


  • Bridges, highway
  • Bridges, skew
  • Dynamic analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction


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