Rapid self-assembly of core-shell organosilicon microcapsules within a microfluidic device

Jeremy L. Steinbacher, Rebecca W.Y. Moy, Kristin E. Price, Meredith A. Cummings, Chandrani Roychowdhury, Jarrod J. Buffy, William L. Olbricht, Michael Haaf, D. Tyler McQuade

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

The preparation of hierarchically structured organosilicon microcapsules from commercially available starting materials is described. Using a microfluidic device, an emulsion of dichlorodiphenylsilane is formed in a continuous phase of aqueous glycerol. The silane droplets undergo hydrolysis, condensation, and crystallization within minutes to form self-assembled, core-shell microcapsules. The microparticles have been characterized with light and electron microscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), diffusion-ordered NMR spectroscopy (DOSY), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and powder X-ray diffraction (XRD). The characterization data show that the microcapsule walls consist of amorphous, oligomeric poly(diphenylsiloxane) surrounded by a spiny layer of crystalline diphenylsilanediol. Glycerol is occluded within the wall material but is not covalently bound to the silicon components. Glycerol is a crucial element for producing low-dispersity microcapsules with well-ordered surface spines, as the use of methyl cellulose as viscomodifier yields amorphous surfaces.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9442-9447
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume128
Issue number29
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 26 2006
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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    Steinbacher, J. L., Moy, R. W. Y., Price, K. E., Cummings, M. A., Roychowdhury, C., Buffy, J. J., Olbricht, W. L., Haaf, M., & McQuade, D. T. (2006). Rapid self-assembly of core-shell organosilicon microcapsules within a microfluidic device. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 128(29), 9442-9447. https://doi.org/10.1021/ja0612403