Rape and The Revictimization of Victims in Anambra State Nigeria

Ignatius N. Ijere, Onyinye Ifeoma Okeke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Rape is a pandemic phenomenon, which in recent times has been reported to be on the increase. This study established insights on rape and the revictimization of rape victims in Anambra state. Most reported rape victims are females who are below 18 years. There is low reportage of the crime, hence, the likelihood of subsequent victimization of most rape victims. Children have been reported to be most vulnerable to rape, as rape and repeated victimization are often perpetrated by close family members, relatives, caregivers, neighbors, and persons familiar with the victim. Rape by an outsider (stranger) is more often made public than that of a familiar person or close relative, thereby making revictimization not just possible but likely in most cases. Revictimization of rape victims has been preceded by insufficient evidence, lack of social support, and the reluctance to prosecute after the initial rape. The psychological distress of rape and subsequent victimization include depression, suicidal ideation, and PTSD. The cultural and patriarchal inclination of most Igbo Communities in Anambra State, where males are regarded as superior and where seniority in age is observed with respect, may be implicated in the self-blame, guilt, shame, and the culture of silence
that is notorious among most victims of rape and their relatives. Against this backdrop, this paper analytically reviewed empirical and theoretical texts on these constructs and proffered insights into preventing further victimization.

Keywords: Revictimization; Sexual victimization; Rape victims; Sexual assault;
Sexual abuse
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Psychology and Mental Health Care
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2 2021


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