Objective: Performance of Cognitive Refocusing Treatment for Insomnia (CRT-I) relative to stimulus control treatment (SCT) remains unknown among college students. This pilot trial compared single-session, electronic-based, peer-led CRT-I to SCT, and as well as awareness-based (AC) and no-treatment (NTC) controls. Participants: College students (N = 82; M age=18.59 [SD = 0.78]; 58% female; 61% White; 16% Hispanic) with insomnia symptoms were randomly assigned to CRT-I (n = 12), SCT (n = 14), and AC (n = 14) conditions, or non-randomly recruited to NTC (n = 42). Methods: All participants completed baseline and one-month follow-up surveys, and reported daily task enactment (except NTC). Results: Feasibility ratings were comparable across conditions. Within-group treatment effects revealed greater improvements in (a) insomnia symptom severity among CRT-I (d = 1.13) and SCT (d = 1.66) groups relative to AC (d = 0.90) and (b) pre-sleep cognitive arousal among CRT-I (d = 0.94) and SCT (d = 1.42) groups relative to AC (d = 0.75). Conclusions: Brief, electronic-based, peer-led CRT-I and SCT interventions appear feasible and potentially efficacious for college insomnia.
- Behavior therapy
- cognitive therapy
- college students
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health