Radial excited states for heavy quark systems in NRQCD

S. M. Catterall, F. R. Devlin, I. T. Drummond, R. R. Horgan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Following the Non-Relativistic QCD approach we use a gauge invariant smearing method with factorization to measure the excitation energies for a heavy Q Q ̄ system on a 243 × 48 lattice at β = 6.2. The results come from averaging over an ensemble of 60 QCD configurations. In order to enhance the signal from each configuration we use wall sources for quark propagators. The quark Hamiltonian contains only the simplest non-relativistic kinetic energy term. The results are listed for a range of bare quark masses. The mass splittings are insensitive to this variable though there are a slight trends with increasing quark mass. For an appropriate choice of UV cut-off (a-1 = 3.2 GeV) the mass spectrum compares reasonably well with the experimental values for the spin-averaged energy gaps of the Υ{hooked} system. We also present results for the DE and DT waves for the lowest bare quark mass. The results are consistent with degeneracy between the two types of D wave. This encourages the idea that even with our simple quark Hamiltonian the departure from rotational invariance is not great.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)246-253
Number of pages8
JournalPhysics Letters B
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 27 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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