Race, incarceration, and health: A life-course approach

Andrew S London, Nancy A. Myers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Significant racial disparities in health outcomes have been consistently documented in the United States. Life-course and population-health models are often used to explain these disparities, but they generally do not take incarceration effects into account. Incarceration may have direct effects on health, but it is more likely to indirectly affect health by shaping employment, income, and marital trajectories. The authors contend that the failure of health researchers to take incarceration effects into account is problematic given the large increase in the incarceration of Black men over the past few decades. Moreover, because large numbers of incarcerated Black men are not present in research samples, racial disparities in health outcomes may be underestimated. Incarceration effects should be included in life-course and population-health models, study designs, and policy development processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)409-422
Number of pages14
JournalResearch on Aging
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2006

Fingerprint

Health
health
Policy Making
Population
development policy
Research Personnel
income
present
Research

Keywords

  • Health
  • Life course
  • Prison
  • Race

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Race, incarceration, and health : A life-course approach. / London, Andrew S; Myers, Nancy A.

In: Research on Aging, Vol. 28, No. 3, 05.2006, p. 409-422.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

London, Andrew S ; Myers, Nancy A. / Race, incarceration, and health : A life-course approach. In: Research on Aging. 2006 ; Vol. 28, No. 3. pp. 409-422.
@article{2fabe17997a34d01ae2839f2bf67b0b9,
title = "Race, incarceration, and health: A life-course approach",
abstract = "Significant racial disparities in health outcomes have been consistently documented in the United States. Life-course and population-health models are often used to explain these disparities, but they generally do not take incarceration effects into account. Incarceration may have direct effects on health, but it is more likely to indirectly affect health by shaping employment, income, and marital trajectories. The authors contend that the failure of health researchers to take incarceration effects into account is problematic given the large increase in the incarceration of Black men over the past few decades. Moreover, because large numbers of incarcerated Black men are not present in research samples, racial disparities in health outcomes may be underestimated. Incarceration effects should be included in life-course and population-health models, study designs, and policy development processes.",
keywords = "Health, Life course, Prison, Race",
author = "London, {Andrew S} and Myers, {Nancy A.}",
year = "2006",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1177/0164027505285849",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "28",
pages = "409--422",
journal = "Research on Aging",
issn = "0164-0275",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Race, incarceration, and health

T2 - A life-course approach

AU - London, Andrew S

AU - Myers, Nancy A.

PY - 2006/5

Y1 - 2006/5

N2 - Significant racial disparities in health outcomes have been consistently documented in the United States. Life-course and population-health models are often used to explain these disparities, but they generally do not take incarceration effects into account. Incarceration may have direct effects on health, but it is more likely to indirectly affect health by shaping employment, income, and marital trajectories. The authors contend that the failure of health researchers to take incarceration effects into account is problematic given the large increase in the incarceration of Black men over the past few decades. Moreover, because large numbers of incarcerated Black men are not present in research samples, racial disparities in health outcomes may be underestimated. Incarceration effects should be included in life-course and population-health models, study designs, and policy development processes.

AB - Significant racial disparities in health outcomes have been consistently documented in the United States. Life-course and population-health models are often used to explain these disparities, but they generally do not take incarceration effects into account. Incarceration may have direct effects on health, but it is more likely to indirectly affect health by shaping employment, income, and marital trajectories. The authors contend that the failure of health researchers to take incarceration effects into account is problematic given the large increase in the incarceration of Black men over the past few decades. Moreover, because large numbers of incarcerated Black men are not present in research samples, racial disparities in health outcomes may be underestimated. Incarceration effects should be included in life-course and population-health models, study designs, and policy development processes.

KW - Health

KW - Life course

KW - Prison

KW - Race

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33645455016&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33645455016&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0164027505285849

DO - 10.1177/0164027505285849

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:33645455016

VL - 28

SP - 409

EP - 422

JO - Research on Aging

JF - Research on Aging

SN - 0164-0275

IS - 3

ER -