TY - JOUR

T1 - Quantum link homology via trace functor I

AU - Beliakova, Anna

AU - Putyra, Krzysztof K.

AU - Wehrli, Stephan M.

N1 - Funding Information:
Acknowledgements The authors are grateful to Adrien Brochier, Matthew Hogancamp, Mikhail Khovanov, Slava Krushkal, Aaron Lauda, David Rose, and Paul Wedrich for stimulating discussions. During an early stage of the research Robert Lipshitz suggested to look on higher Hochschild homology of the arc algebras and Ben Webster pointed a connection between Hochschild homology and the global dimension. The first two authors are supported by the NCCR SwissMAP founded by the Swiss National Science Foundation. The third author was supported by the NSF Grant DMS-1111680.
Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.

PY - 2019/2/5

Y1 - 2019/2/5

N2 - Motivated by topology, we develop a general theory of traces and shadows for an endobicategory, which is a pair: bicategory [InlineEquation not available: see fulltext.] and endobifunctor [InlineEquation not available: see fulltext.]. For a graded linear bicategory and a fixed invertible parameter q, we quantize this theory by using the endofunctor Σ q such that Σ q α: = q - deg α Σ α for any 2-morphism α and coincides with Σ otherwise. Applying the quantized trace to the bicategory of Chen–Khovanov bimodules we get a new triply graded link homology theory called quantum annular link homology. If q= 1 we reproduce Asaeda–Przytycki–Sikora homology for links in a thickened annulus. We prove that our homology carries an action of [InlineEquation not available: see fulltext.], which intertwines the action of cobordisms. In particular, the quantum annular homology of an n-cable admits an action of the braid group, which commutes with the quantum group action and factors through the Jones skein relation. This produces a nontrivial invariant for surfaces knotted in four dimensions. Moreover, a direct computation for torus links shows that the rank of quantum annular homology groups depend on the quantum parameter q.

AB - Motivated by topology, we develop a general theory of traces and shadows for an endobicategory, which is a pair: bicategory [InlineEquation not available: see fulltext.] and endobifunctor [InlineEquation not available: see fulltext.]. For a graded linear bicategory and a fixed invertible parameter q, we quantize this theory by using the endofunctor Σ q such that Σ q α: = q - deg α Σ α for any 2-morphism α and coincides with Σ otherwise. Applying the quantized trace to the bicategory of Chen–Khovanov bimodules we get a new triply graded link homology theory called quantum annular link homology. If q= 1 we reproduce Asaeda–Przytycki–Sikora homology for links in a thickened annulus. We prove that our homology carries an action of [InlineEquation not available: see fulltext.], which intertwines the action of cobordisms. In particular, the quantum annular homology of an n-cable admits an action of the braid group, which commutes with the quantum group action and factors through the Jones skein relation. This produces a nontrivial invariant for surfaces knotted in four dimensions. Moreover, a direct computation for torus links shows that the rank of quantum annular homology groups depend on the quantum parameter q.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85059582980&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85059582980&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s00222-018-0830-0

DO - 10.1007/s00222-018-0830-0

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85059582980

SN - 0020-9910

VL - 215

SP - 383

EP - 492

JO - Inventiones Mathematicae

JF - Inventiones Mathematicae

IS - 2

ER -